Volume 6 Issue 21


$63million Hidden in Bedford County, Virginia
Mosby’s Raiders Treasure still hidden in Virginia
Goodness and evil follows like a shadow - SAMYUTTA NIKAYA 3.4

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By Aaron Brachfeld - - - Ages ago, a Spanish Knight overcame a proud Warrior King.  The conquered man relented from the torture, and told his captors that there was a land nearby where, before the new King took his office, he performed a peculiar ceremony.
        The Ceremony of El Dorado, the Golden One, required the heir sit secluded in a cave, without salt, without women, without daylight.  Then, having purified his heart, the heir would travel to the City of Gold and there, upon the lagoon of Guatavita, make offerings to Death. 
        For this offering, the heir would make a raft of reeds while his people, dressed in fine clothes and crowns of sacred feathers, burned incense and prayed.  When he was ready, the new King and his four advisors would set out upon the lake. 
        Upon the still waters, the heir would be stripped to his skin by his advisors, and, anointed with gold dust, throw gold and emeralds into the lake to his God. 
        If Death permitted his safe return to shore, his People would rejoice with song and dance, pipes and flutes and drums, recognizing the heir as their King, and enjoy the Peace of Heaven.
        The Spanish King, hearing of this extraordinary ceremony told by the conquered warrior found his own heart desiring this Piece of Heaven for his People.  So the King sent his knights in search of the City of Gold.  His knights searched hundreds of years - in the jungles and mountains, in the forests and deserts.  The knights always returned to report they did not find it.
        Yet the truth is that they had indeed found the City of Gold.
        The explanation is simple.  These knights did not purify their hearts before undertaking their quest; neither did they strip down to their ultimate vulnerability.  Thus, blinded by impure hearts and the shining of their swords and armor, they walked the streets of El Dorado and beheld neither the true gold nor the true jewels.
        In 1540 the Spanish King ordered another expedition to find El Dorado.  This expedition was led by the Spanish knight Francisco Vázquez de Coronado y Luján, who set out north from Texas into the wastes of New Mexico.  And there, in the same white sands where Lieutenant Colonel Oppenheimer would later behold Death after having lit the sacred fires, Coronado and his 400 men at arms found what they did not know they sought and beheld the terrible glory of Death.
        Coronado had come to America from Salamanca in the entourage of the Viceroy, and had married Saint Beatriz de Estrada, whose mother had been a Jew before she was convinced by the sharpness of the King’s sword of the virtues of Christianity.  When Coronado went north to search for the City of Gold, he sought many brave, Christian noblemen to join him and share the same Gospel of Steel.  One of these men at arms was young Hernando de Luna, a man of extraordinary faith.
        Though they searched hundreds and thousands of miles, the only gold they found was in the sunsets over the Grand Canyon, the only jewels they found were in the sparkle of the mountain streams.   Yet, they saw no Profit in these, and began to return in disgrace.
        Their return route led them through the White Sands of New Mexico.  In that waste, they were ambushed by the Apaches and most of the men in Coronado’s party were killed in the battle that ensued – including Hernando de Luna.
        Yet before he died, de Luna caught a glimpse of the true gold of the White Sands, and his true Lord.  But he was only able to say a few words to Coronado who, excited by the vision of De Luna, was none the less compelled by the hopeless battle to retreat.
        When Coronado’s party returned to Mexico City, Coronado related the glimpse of true gold to his King, but was not believed.  Coronado was heartbroken; his heart always wandered the White Sands, his mind tormented by the closeness of his goal. 
        Coronado was not alone in his heartbreak. 

        When news came to De Luna’s wife, the lovely Manuela, that her lover had perished somewhere in the White Sands, she instantly began to grieve and, wandering distraught and insane northward to where her husband died, to where Coronado’s heart died, to the land of Death.  And in the white sands, her Ghost may still be seen today near where the sacred fire later tore apart space and time; there she was comforted by Death.

Twohorse Green - Don't be ashamed to be poor

By Gary Twohorse Green - - - Don't be ashamed to be poor. When you feel like a failure because you're poor, that's them talking. They've gotten into your head, and they've gotten you thinking I must deserve to be poor, because I'm flawed. It's a lie, the dark flip side of the lie that lucky rich people tell themselves so they don't feel guilty about being rich. I must deserve to be rich, because I'm better.  Don't be ashamed to be poor.


By Aaron Brachfeld - - - Men should not tolerate abuse any more than women. If you witness the abuse of a man by a woman, do not tolerate it any more than if you witness the abuse of a woman by a man.  Men who have been abused, however, are much less likely to report the abuse because they often face penalties for doing so, have much less access to support, and sometimes are either unable to.  Women typically do not abuse men in self-defense.  The most common reason women abuse men is to punish, communicate, and compel obedience.
        The theory that women only abuse men they are in a relationship with for reasons of self defense has been proven wrong. Only a small proportion of female perpetrated IPV is prompted by self-defense. For example, in a 1996 study of 1,978 people in England, 21% of women who admitted to committing IPV gave self-defense as a reason. More prevalent reasons were "Get through to" (53%), "Something said" (52%) and "Make do something" (26%). ("Aggression in British Heterosexual Relationships: A Descriptive Analysis". Aggressive Behavior 22 (6): 401–415.)
        In another study, it was found 62.3% of women who had committed IPV did not cite self-defense as a factor at all, whereas only 6.9% cited it as the primary factor. Within this group, perpetrators were asked to select reasons as to why they assaulted their partner, with the option to choose multiple reasons. The breakdown of reasons had "my partner wasn't sensitive to my needs" as the most prevalent (46%). Also found more frequently than self-defense were "I wished to gain my partner's attention" (44%) and "My partner was not listening to me" (43%) (DeKeseredy, Walter; Schwartz, Martin D. (1997). Woman Abuse on Campus: Results from the Canadian National Survey. Thousand Oaks, CA.: Sage. p. 77. ISBN 9780761905660)
        For heterosexuals, the CDC says 29% of men and 35% of women have been abused by their domestic partner. This is approximately equal - in both rates of incidence, and in criminality.
        Women who assault their male partners are more likely to avoid arrest than men who attack their female partners, and that female perpetrators of IPV are often viewed by law enforcement agencies and the courts as victims rather than offenders.  As such, men fear that if they do report to the police, they will be assumed to be the aggressor, and placed under arrest. 
        The 1985 U.S. National Family Violence Survey, carried out by Murray A. Straus and Richard J. Gelles on a nationally representative sample of 6,002 couples, found that when a woman called the police to report IPV, the man was ordered out of the house in 41.4% of cases. However, when a man called, the woman was ordered out of the house in 0% of cases. When a woman called, the man was threatened with immediate arrest in 28.2% of cases; when a man called, the woman was threatened with arrest in 0% of cases. When a woman called, the man was threatened with arrest at a later date in 10.7% of cases; when a man called, the woman was threatened with arrest at a later date in 0% of cases. When a woman called, the man was arrested in 15.2% of cases; when a man called, the woman was arrested in 0% of cases. In fact, in 12.1% of cases when the man called, the man himself was arrested. (Felson, Richard B.; Pare, Paul-Philippe (September 2007). "Does the Criminal Justice System Treat Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Offenders Leniently?" (PDF). Justice Quarterly 24 (3): 440; 447. Cook, Phillip W. (1997). Abused Men: The Hidden Side of Domestic Violence. Westport, CT: Praeger. pp. 43–91. ISBN 9780313356711.
Grady, Ann (2002). "Female-on-Male Domestic Violence: Uncommon or Ignored?". In Hoyle, Carolyn; Young, Richard. New Visions of Crime Victims. Portland, Oregon: Hart Publishing. pp. 93–95. Gelles, Richard J.; Straus, Murray A. (1988). Intimate Violence: The Causes and Consequences of Abuse in the American Family (PDF). New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 262. ISBN 9780671682965.)

Chandrashekhar Mehta responds - - - Because most of the male female relations are based on sexsual attraction means they want to use each other for their sensual gratifications. There is no real love. Love means pure well wishing for someone or all with no expectations in return.  This is a result of selfish relations.

$63million Hidden in Bedford County, Virginia

By Gary Twohorse Green - - - Thomas Beale must have been a strange man. Legend has it that in 1816, Beale and a few men he was traveling with came into a large sum of gold and silver while mining somewhere in the Rocky Mountains. With such a large fortune, estimated to be around $63 million in today’s money, all of the men wanted to make sure their next of kin would get the money should they perish.

                So Beale wrote three ciphers. One described the exact location of the treasure, the second described the contents of the treasure, and the third was a list of the men’s names and their next of kin. Beale then entrusted Robert Morriss, a Lynchburg, Virginia innkeeper, with the safekeeping of a box containing the ciphers.Morriss was supposed to wait 10 years before opening it. At this point, if Beale did not return for the box, a key to the cipher was supposed to be mailed to Morriss. But it never arrived. For years, Morriss and a friend tried to decode the three ciphers, but they could only manage the second cipher (the one describing the contents of the treasure).

Mosby's treasure still hidden in Virginia

by Gary Twohorse Green - - - Confederate Commander Colonel John Singleton Mosby was an amazing fighter during the Civil War. He and his men were known as Mosby’s Raiders for their lightning-quick raids of Union camps and their ability to elude the Union Army by blending in with the local townspeople. After one of his many raids, which took place about 75 kilometers (46 mi) south of the Confederate line at Culpeper, Virginia, Mosby took Union General Edwin Stoughton prisoner, as well as a burlap sack containing $350,000 worth of gold, silver, and family heirlooms.

The problem was, Mosby had also captured 42 other men during the raid and had to take them back through Union territory and across the Confederate line. Following a route that parallels today’s US 211, Mosby’s Raiders traveled south until they ran into a large contingency of Union soldiers. Unwilling to part with his treasure, Mosby instructed his men to bury the treasure between two large pine trees in case of a battle. Mosby marked the trees with his knife, and the Raiders headed back along their route and across the Confederate line without any trouble from the Union. Unfortunately for Mosby, when he sent back seven of his most trusted men, they were all caught and hanged. Mosby never returned for the treasure.

Penley to Elbert County - protest tax increase!

Jane Penley encourages Elbert County residents to protest their tax increase.  The property tax for many residents will be going up with evaluations of their property values indicating increased worth.  However, Penley has noticed a great deal of these valuations are inaccurate - she speculates it is because property values were assessed using out-of-date data and sometimes faulty data.  Very few properties were assessed by an on-the-ground inspection.

If you are going to protest, you must do so quickly.  Call Jane Penley at 303-648-3130 or email her at jtpenley21@gmail.com - she'd love to help you.

Why let non-residents speak?

The Herald agrees with the statement of Councilman Chip Wilson and his words bear repetition.  We have so many business owners in our community, who provide services to our community, who are not residents.  By preventing non-residents from speaking, ultimately, we’re going to unjustly penalize those folks.

It is improper to prevent People who are affected by policies to speak upon those policies.


The Herald would ask, what is the business of the Town Council except to do what the People who are affected by their policies want and need them to do?  It is improper to prevent People who are affected by policies to speak upon those policies. –Ed.
By Aaron Brachfeld - - -On May 19, 2015, Castle Rock Mayor Donahue sought to limit the total number of people who could address the Council during Unscheduled Public Appearances to 10 and limit their time to speak to 3 minutes.  He also sought to effectively prevent non-residents from addressing the Council regarding Castle Rock policies which affected the areas surrounding the Town by only permitting non-residents to speak after all residents had spoken.
        Councilman Teal seconded the motion.
        Councilman Chip Wilson strongly objected.  “I have a problem limiting the ability of the public to come and share their opinion.  I would have a hard time limiting it to 30 minutes.  I think the Unscheduled Public Appearances is there for a reason.  Most nights we don’t have anybody for the most part, but I think it’s their opportunity to come and present and make their voice heard. 
        Councilman Wilson’s protest was met with applause from the audience – even though the Mayor had previously prohibited applause from the audience. 
        Councilman Teal then spoke.  “I seconded the motion. I think it’s a great idea.  On the other hand, I think Chip made a lot of good comments.  I would be happy to have a friendly amendment that would perhaps remove the 30 minute limit ongoing, and instead have it [the 30 minute limit] requested at each meeting.”
        Mayor Donahue then spoke.  “I think limiting it to 30 minutes is the right thing to do.  I think 30 minutes is plenty of time.  We have got a lot of things we need to do. We have got to move forward with the business of the Town.  I think it’s important we get to it and make it happen.  I do know that we will have agenda items that come up where people will be able to speak for 4 minutes and everyone can speak on that [agenda item].  But for unscheduled, going forward, I think it’s important that we do this so Town meetings can move through in an efficient manner - - ”
        Councilman Wilson interrupted the Mayor.  “I wholeheartedly support the intention to permit Town Council to complete business.  Ultimately, though, we can extend meetings as late as we need to.”
        Wilson grew impassioned, his voice shaking as he became agitated.  “Truth be told, we have not had a necessity to stay very late in the 7 years I have been here – in the 7 years you [Mayor Donahue] have been here.  We’ve had some executive sessions and other times we’ve been here kind of late.  But, and George [Teal] touched on it: but the 30 minute limit is where I have a hard time.”
        Wilson collected himself and grew steady.  “I like the idea of residents first.  I can support going from 4 minutes to 3 minutes.  But I do not see a need for the limit.  Heaven forbid, someone should walk in at 5:35 pm and there’s already been 10 people signed up – ultimately, they will not get the opportunity to come forward.  I don’t support putting a time structure on it.”
        Councilman Heath was moved by Wilson’s speech and sought a conciliatory position, proposing to limit only the time that non-residents could speak.   “Because that’s who we really want to hear from – the residents.”
        Wilson was encouraged and addressed the Mayor directly and proposed the issue be brought up again at the next meeting, after the Council could think about it and after the People could contribute to the discussion.  “Maybe we can get some input from the folks out here, and bounce it off the Constituents?  Withdraw the motion for now, I would love the opportunity to think about it and talk about it and not make a snap judgment.  Would you be willing to do that?”
        Mayor Donahue said  “no.” 
        Donahue then explained his resistance.  “The reason is we have been going through a period where meetings are dragging on and have gotten out of control.  And sometimes we have had to make some serious alterations.  I think it’s best we just make this rule.  I understand what you’re saying, but we need to move forward with the business of the Town.”
        Wilson persisted.  “I am hesitant to put a time limit on the amount of time folks can come in and talk to us. It’s also an agenda item. It’s there for a reason.  It’s there to get feedback from the folks.  Recent events aside, it’s important.  It’s of incredible value. It’s an opportunity for Town Residents to come in and express their thoughts, concerns, questions, issues, or give us a ‘hey, who do I talk to?’  It provides an opportunity for the Town Manager to tell a Department Head, ‘hey, would you touch base with that individual?’  It gives a one-on-one. It brings a face to a name for people who have been emailing or writing.  I don’t see the need to - -”
        Now Mayor Donahue interrupted Wilson.  “Got it.”
        Councilman Teal was given the last word.  “I appreciate what Chip [Wilson] is saying here.  I motion to amend the motion in accordance with what Mr. Heath proposed.  We let all residents speak, if 30 minutes or more has elapsed, we then close it to non-residents.  Mark [Heath], that’s when someone usually says ‘second.’”
        Councilman Heath was still thinking about what Councilman Teal was saying when he said “second.”
        Councilman Teal smiled.  “Awesome.”
        Mayor Donahue accepted the amendment without a vote.  The Town Attorney was consulted, but said it was in line with Robert’s Rules of Order. 
        A vote was taken.  Wilson was the only one to vote against.

        The Mayor spoke. Councilman Teal spoke.  Councilman Heath spoke.  And despite how well Councilman Wilson spoke, most of the citizens of Castle Rock were thus deprived of their right to speak.  

India's government blocked this - so we reposted

India is rewriting history to make their nation seem more traditionally Hindu and negate claims that they have a diverse cultural heritage -- much as some Americans would rewrite history to claim ours was and is a Christian nation.

This was originally posted at http://www.mumbai.org.uk/history.html.  The Indian Government has blocked the site. So we are reposting!

The city is a modern metropolis whose history is now fast fading into obscurity. Although many may not know the story about the birth of this beautiful city, Mumbaikars are passionate about their rich past and heritage. The name Mumbai is an eponym, derived from the name of a local Goddess called Mumbadevi. The history of this beautiful city dates back to the formation of the seven islands, namely Colaba, Mazagaon, Mahim, Parel, Bombay Island, Worli and Old Woman's Island. This group of islands infact formed a part of the kingdom of Ashoka, the famed Buddhist emperor of India. Following the death of the king, the ownership of these islands was passed on and they were later colonized by a number of different rulers. From the early 19th century, the city went under a massive reconstruction and also experienced a boost in the economy during the American Civil War. Apart from the reconstruction and the ownership, Mumbai (previously called Bombay) has also been witness to mass carnages during the Second World War and the Hindu-Muslim Riots. A series of refurbishments and battles later, the city was officially deemed as the capital of the state of Maharashtra. Scroll further for more on Mumbai and its heritage.

A Glorious Heritage

The Hindu Rule

Originally, the seven islands were a part of the kingdom of Ashoka. After Ashoka's demise, countless rulers of the Silahara dynasty took over until the Kingdom of Gujarat annexed the islands in 1343 AD and remained such till 1543 AD.

Portuguese Colonization

In 1543 AD, the Portuguese seized the isles from Bahadur Shah of Gujarat and they remained in their control until 1661. Following this period, the isles were ceded as dowry to Catherine de Braganza when she married Charles II of England. He, in turn, leased the isles to the East India Company during their colonization in 1668 and that's when the city was named Bombay. In a matter of seven years, the population of the city rose from a mere 10,000 to 60,000 in 1675. After the population in the city began to grow, the East India Company officially transferred their headquarters from Surat to the new city called


The Hornby Vellard And Industrialization

The Hornby Vellard was one of the first engineering projects to be undertaken in Mumbai. William Hornby, the governor of Bombay, initiated the project in the early 18th century despite harsh opposition from the East India Company. Thereon, the city began to take shape with several civil engineering projects underway, marking the birth of the Industrial Revolution. The seven islands were finally merged into one single mass in 1845, and in 1853, the country's first railway connection was accomplished between Bombay and Thane. The city was under the rule of the Company's hands until the revolt in 1857.

The opening up of the Suez Canal in 1869 also meant that connections between Bombay and the rest of the world were open, resulting in Bombay becoming one of the major ports in India. Just before gaining Independence, the city witnessed large scale Hindu-Muslim riots that resulted in colossal massacres and turmoil.


Post-independence, the city expanded drastically and a number of suburban towns were incorporated within the city limits such as Borivali, Andheri, Malad, Thane and Bandra. In 1960, Bombay became the new capital of Maharashtra. Sky-scrapers, towering architecture, the Bombay Stock Exchange, tarred roads and a boom in the secondary and tertiary sector changed the city's status and brought it up to one of the top four cities in the country. Today, Mumbai is the fourth most populous city in the world.

Mumbai is the business capital of India and is also one on the largest cities in the country. The present population of Mumbai is estimated to be millions and is still growing. Not many know however, how the population grew or how the city got its status as the commercial capital of India. The insight into the history of this glorious city is the answer to its inspiriting beginnings and eminence around the world.